Some rare images

These images of Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji are regarded as having a very close likeness to the gurus.
In this depiction of the shaheedi (martyrdom) of Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji notice the resemblance of Guru Ji to the above picture. In the foreground lie the bodies of shaheed Sikhs and in the background the crowds cower behind a building.

On the left an early painting of Guru Nanak Dev Ji resting at Mecca with his feet towards the Kabba. The local quazi is asking Mardana, Guru Ji's companion, the reason for this.


On the right a hukamnama (edict) from the hands of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. This Hukumnama sent by Banda Singh to Bhai Dharam Singh and Param Singh of Village Bhai Rupa.
It contains the Mohar or seal - conceived by Banda Bahadur widely used in later Sikh Coinage. " Degh Teg Fateh Nusrat-i-bedrang, Yaft az Nanak Guru Gobind Singh " - The cauldron to feed, the sword to defend , and the resultant victory have been achieved with the spontaneous help received from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh '. ( translation from Sikh Coinage -Surinder Singh - Manohar - 2004).
This Hukumnama also makes mention of the 'Panj Hathiaar' - the Five Weapons .

This Hukamnama of Guru Gobind singh Ji is dated August 2 1696 - It includes the Nisan - signature - of Guru Sahib . Line 7 and 8 contain the lines 'tera ghar mera asay' which has been adopted as the Patiala motto ever since. Here is an english translation :

There is One God. The Guru is Great . It is the order of the Guru. Bhai Rama and Bhai Tilokha, the Guru will protect all. You are required to come with your contingent. I am pleased with you. Your house is my refuge. On seeing this letter you should come in my presence. Your house is my refuge. you should come immediately. On seeing this letter you should arrive with horsemen. Do come. I have sent one Robe of Honour. Keep it with you.


Guru Gobind Singh is asking them to come to him with Arms and Horses - just as history records Guru Sahib said to all his Sikhs. - This is a reference to the battles with the Hill Rajas. - The brothers Ram Singh and Tilokha Singh - being devoted Sikhs came to their Guru . Guru Sahib was victorious in these battles .


"A SIKH BATTLE SCENE, PUNJAB, EARLY 19TH CENTURY" Gouache on paper heightened with gilt, depicting Sikhs in battle , most brandishing swords, some with guns, against a hilly landscape, by Qalem Basharat 'Allah Masur. Very interestingly, we see what appears to be the bodies of two decapitated Sikhs retrieving their heads, in the middle of the image.

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